Physiotherapy is a profession that deals with the treatment of human bodies and their injuries. Its main areas include orthopedics, neurology, cardio-respiratory and electrotherapy.
Orthopedics is a branch of physiotherapy that focuses on treating various disorders involving the musculoskeletal system. It includes muscles, bones, tendons, and ligaments. It also provides rehabilitation options.
Physical therapy can help people with orthopedic injuries return to their normal activities. In addition, it can help prevent future injuries.
The process includes regular evaluations of the range of motion and strength. Depending on the injury, the therapist may prescribe exercises at home. These can consist of mobility and strengthening exercises, as well as stretching.
In some cases, physical therapists will use electrical stimulation to expedite recovery. This technique involves the insertion of a needle into the muscle to stimulate trigger points. However, this method can cause bleeding and pneumothorax.
Another technique involves taping the joint to prevent pain and facilitate normal movement. Patients can also use braces, slings, and walkers at home.
Musculoskeletal areas of physiotherapy are designed to treat various problems affecting muscles, bones, and joints. Musculoskeletal physiotherapists can help patients develop coping skills and manage their conditions.
Musculoskeletal physiotherapy is also known as orthopedic physiotherapy. These types of physiotherapists have an advanced understanding of the causes and symptoms of various disorders. It enables them to guide patients towards appropriate services. Typical treatment options include hands-on treatments, exercise programs, and education.
A physical exam is used to determine the diagnosis. Some people will also need X-rays. Blood testing can confirm the type of problem and may be necessary for other patients.
Musculoskeletal physiotherapists also educate their patients about their condition. The patient’s symptoms, severity, age, and gender are also factors that can affect the outcome of treatment.
Musculoskeletal physiotherapy includes sports physiotherapy, which is focused on injury rehabilitation.
Cardio-respiratory physiotherapy is a branch of physiotherapy that deals with the respiratory system. It is concerned with pulmonary health and includes the assessment of diseases and their treatment.
Cardio-respiratory therapists have training in a variety of areas. They are responsible for providing care in hospitals and intensive care units. In addition to treating patients, they also offer advice on safely participating in activities. Some cardiorespiratory conditions require specialised equipment and require a high level of care.
Research has indicated that cardiovascular physiotherapy is not easily accessible for many patients. However, several factors can help ensure patients have access to this service. First, there needs to be a well-developed referral system.
Secondly, cardiorespiratory physiotherapists should be able to follow up on patients after discharge. Lastly, cardiorespiratory physiotherapists can use telehealth technologies to connect with patients and follow up on their treatment plans.
Neurological aspects of physiotherapy are aimed at treating movement disorders and other impairments. The treatment may involve a variety of techniques. These include electrical stimulation, joint mobilisations, and soft tissue stretches.
Treatment from Physio Inq can also involve education about the condition and ways to manage the illness. It helps patients to regain lost functions. Also, family members are encouraged to participate in the patient’s care.
Neurological illnesses can affect the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. These illnesses can result in mobility, loss of balance, muscle weakness, or spasticity. Physiotherapy treatments can help restore muscle function and range of motion and improve the quality of life for people suffering from these disorders.
Electrotherapy is a treatment where an electric current is applied to a patient’s limbs or body parts. It is a form of non-invasive treatment that can be beneficial in the case of chronic or acute pain episodes or musculoskeletal injuries. The effects of electrotherapy include the reduction of inflammation in the body, improvement in blood circulation, and muscle training.
There are a few different types of electrotherapy. These include interferential therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and functional electrical stimulation. Each modality may be appropriate depending on the condition being treated.
However, it is essential to note that the medical benefits of electrotherapy are only noticeable if it is used in conjunction with other forms of treatment. Physiotherapists have a wealth of experience in using electrotherapy to treat various ailments.
Typically, it is used for the temporary relief of pain. While it is not a miracle cure, it improves the patient’s quality of life and ability to train and perform voluntary movements.
As with most therapies, it is essential to use electrotherapy correctly to avoid complications. If used improperly, it can aggravate a clinical condition.